The Zayanderud and it’s Many Bridges

DSC01900The Zayanderud (Zayandeh River) is the largest river in the central plateau of Iran. It crosses directly through the city of Isfahan. In 2010, the river dried out completely after several years of draught. Today the river flows with water once again, however the city continues to close and open the dam throughout the year depending on water shortages throughout the districts. The water that forms the river originates from the inside of the Zagros Mountains and flows 400 kilometers. The 400 km of river is spanned by may historical bridges that were built in the Safavid era. The Zayanderud is the reason for the prosperity of the central Iranian provinces of Isfahan and Yazd. Two of the most famous bridges on the Zayanderud are the Siosepol (33 Bridge) and Pol-e Khaju (Khaju Bridge).
DSC01901 Women wearing head-to-toe hijab are having kayaking practice on the Zayanderud. They are padding upstream while simultaneously passing a volleyball back and forth. It is great to see that despite the suppression of women from participating in sports, they continue to do so.


Khaju Bridge:

The Khaju bridg was built by the Safavid king, Shah Abbas II, around 1650. The bridge serves both as a pedestrian bridge and as a dam. Furthermore, the bridge has multiple rooms on the inside which used to serve as meeting rooms and now serve as tea houses and restaurants. In the center of the structure, a pavilion exists which Shah Abbas would have once sat, today there are remnants of a stone seat.

DSC01926

DSC01924

DSC01914

The Khaju bridge has 24 arches. The pass way of the bridge is made of bricks and stones with 21 larger and 26 smaller inlet and outlet channels.

DSC01915

DSC01923

DSC01921

640px-Khaju_Bridge,_Isfahan[1]


Siosepol:

Siosepol, which means 33 Bridge in Persian, is one of the eleven bridges of Isfahan and the longest bridge on the Zayandeh River. It was constructed during the Safavid period in 1632. It is one of the most famous examples of Safavid bridge design. It is named 33 Bridge because of its 33 arches. The Architectural design of the bridge is a double-check arch bridge, which means for each large arch on the bottom there are two smaller arches on the top.

DSC01634

The bridge was constructed specifically to serve as a pedestrian bridge and still serves the same purpose today.

DSC01620
DSC01631.1


Swan Paddle Boats 🙂

One of the best parts about the Zayandeh River are the swan paddle boats that I have always loved to ride since I was a child. The river and its paddle boats bring back memories from when I was around five years old. No matter how old I get, I will never get tired of them. Now that I’m older, the older cousins take the younger cousins out on the river so they can make the same memories :).

DSC01639DSC01681 DSC01683


 Siosepol (33 Bridge) at night:

At night, every single one of the arches of the Siosepol lights up and it’s a truly beautiful site.

DSC01693

DSC01698

Isfahan Bound!

iran-1232[1] A few days ago I made the trip from Shiraz to Isfahan, traveling north for about 6 hours. My dad’s side of the family is located in Shiraz whereas my mom’s side of the family is in Isfahan (apart from my one aunt who lives in Tehran). The city of Isfahan is capital of the province of Isfahan (like Shiraz is the capital of the province of Fars). Isfahan is about half way in between Tehran and Shiraz and is Iran’s third largest city and third most populated (about 4 million) after Tehran and Mashhad.
DSC01395 (640x420)An image of the inside of the VIP buses that travel to and from almost every city in Iran, definitely the cheapest and best way to tour the country. The seats are super comfortable and bend way back, it’s air conditioned, and they give you snacks and drinks throughout the whole ride!
DSC01419As Shiraz flourished in the Zand and Sassanid dynasties, Isfahan flourished in the 16th century during the Safavid dynasty when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its history. Isfahan is one of the most beautiful cities in Iran (I think it surpasses Shiraz in beauty). The city still retains its former glory and is famous for its Persian-Islamic architecture, beautifully landscaped boulevards, famous Zayanderud river and its many covered bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets.

The city is located in the lush plain of the Zayanderud River at the foothills of the Zagros mountains. The province of Isfahan is considered to be a desert and has an arid climate (with very little rain throughout the year). However, cool northern winds blow toward the city making it a livable climate.
DSC01427Isfahan and many other cities in Iran have sites that are designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. One of the most famous sites in Isfahan is the Nagsh-e Jahan Square (post to come), which is one of the largest city squares in the world and has remarkable architecture and is surrounded by two mosques and a bazar.

The history of Isfahan can be traced back to the Paleolithic period. Archaeologists have found artifacts dating from the Paleolithic period to the Bronze and Iron ages. In the Pre-Islamic era, Isfahan was home to the settlement that developed into the Elamite civilization (2700 BC) and was the home of the Median dynasty until Cyrus the Great unified Persian and Median lands into the Achaemenid Empire ~ 600 BC.
DSC01422

One of the most beautiful streets in Isfahan is Chahar Bagh (literally translated to “four gardens”). Chahar Bagh is split up into Chahar Bagh Bala (upper Chahar Bagh) and Chahar Bagh Payeen (lower Chahar Bagh). The long boulevard which spans almost the entire length of the city is a beautiful tree lined street with shops on either end. The span of the boulevard also contains multiple rotaries and bridges and runs over the Zayanderud river (which runs perpendicular to the boulevard through the city).

Night out in Shiraz: Quran Gate, Sonati Restaurant, and Selfies with Strangers

(PSA: First, I would like to apologize for posting my blogs so slowly. The Wi-Fi in Iran is SO slow that every time I upload photos online for a blog post I want to poke my eyes out. So please bear with me as I hurry to post blogs more frequently as I am getting very backed up.)

Shiraz has an amazing nightlife. Because the days are so hot, people stay in their air conditioned homes like hermits during the day but night is when the cities come to life. For example, stores in Iran are open from 9AM-1PM, close from 1PM-5PM, and reopen again at 5PM until midnight or so (restaurants are open even later). Iranian people love to pack their kitchens and living rooms into their cars and come out to the parks and green spaces at night, throw out blankets, and have luxurious picnics for themselves.

Last night, a couple of our relatives and my family went out to the Quran Gate, which is a great place to visit during night or day.

DSC00765.1

DSC00789.1

The Quran Gate is a historic gate located in the north of Shiraz, Iran. It is located at the northeastern entrance of the city in the direction of Isfahan. Years ago, beneath the gate was a road and cars had to drive underneath the gate if they were headed North out of the city. In recent years because the population of Iran has skyrocketed, they have had to expand the roads and highways and the road underneath the Quran Gate has been transformed into a pedestrian only path.

The Gate was built during the reign of Adud ad-Dawla and was restored during the Zand dynasty. During the Zand dynasty, two small rooms were built on top of the gate in which were kept two hand written Qurans by Sultan Ibrahim Bin Shahrukh Gerekani. It was believed that travelers passing underneath the gate would receive the blessing of the Holy Book as they began their journey from Shiraz.

DSC00800.1

Today the gate is a part of a city park where people relax and picnic. To the side of the Gate is a hill on which restaurants and museums are built. We ate at a sonati (traditional-style) restaurant for dinner. Traditional style restaurants in Iran are really cool, the seating consists of raised platforms that are built and covered with rugs and pillows and you have to take off your shoes to sit on the platform. To eat dinner, you throw down a plastic tablecloth in front of you and eat sitting down.

DSC00841.1

P.S.: You wouldn’t want to go to a sonati restaurant without ordering tea and a hookah for your booth (it’s the culture;)

IMG_1591.1

We ordered one chicken kabob to share and three deezy sangy’s–a traditional Persian meal that is basically like beef and vegetable stew that is prepared in a stone dish. The dish comes with a bowl and a meat tenderizer. To eat a deezy, you pour the stew into your bowl and beat the beef and vegetables with the tenderizer.

IMG_1594.1

IMG_1598.1

This man was standing outside the restaurant and holding burning incents in his hands to wish peace and luck on those who walk into the restaurant. He is dressed in traditional Persian attire.

DSC00839

Just a couple of the pretty sites up on the hill by the pedestrian path of the Gate that features a gift shop and a waterfall.

DSC00816.1DSC00813.1

The picture below is a funny story. This random Iranian girl saw me taking pictures at the Quran Gate (I guess she must have assumed I was a tourist, I don’t know why…) and asked for a picture. I first thought she meant if she wanted me to take a picture of her, so I asked “How?”. She replies, “No, with your camera.” At which point I’m totally confused and ask, “How do I send you the picture then?” After a few seconds of confusion, turns out she wants to take a picture with me and she doesn’t want the picture for herself, she says “No, just for you.” After we take the picture she asks me where I’m from and I was a bit annoyed at this point because I was trying really hard to fit in and not look like a tourist since I’m Iranian….and I say I’m from “here” and she says “nooo…”. I half lied but I really stumped her. My guess is she thought I was from America and wanted to take a picture with me so I could put it on the internet and she could become famous, so here you go nameless girl! 🙂

DSC00801.1

The picture below is of the Persian poet: Khaju-e Kermani. He was a follower of Saddi and thus followed him to Shiraz. Khaju’s grave is located right next to the quoran gate. There is a monument built in his honor with a sculpture of him and one of his poems is engraved in stone on the brick wall.

DSC00790.1

Firuzabad Fire Temple

About a one hour (60 km) drive south from Shiraz is Firuzabad, a small town in the province of Fars, Iran. The town is in a very dry and hot low-lying region, which makes it about at least 5 degrees Celsius hotter than Shiraz. Originally, the city was called Gur, which was destroyed by Alexander of Macedonia. Centuries later, the location was taken over by the Sassanians, who formed the Sassanid dynasty. The province of Fars, Iran was the birthplace of two dynasties 1) the Achaemenids founded by Cyrus the great and 2) the Sassanians founded by the Ardeshir son of Papak.

DSC01247

At the center point of the town of Firuzabad is an ancient fire temple, the temple is 30 meters high and circular in its architectural design. There is debate amongst historians about when and why the temple was built. Some mention the site as a fire temple built by the Sassanids, others believe it to have been a palace built by Ardeshir during the late Parthian or Sassanian times.

DSC01208

The conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great in 330 BC did not fully destroy the temple however.

DSC01221

The palace/temple of Ardeshir over looks a small lake fed by a rich spring. The placement of the lake is really miraculous, given that Firuzabad is so hot and dry. The color of the water is amazing as well, it’s so bright and clear that you can see right to the bottom of the lake. The water from the lake was used to feed the city of Gur.

DSC01231

 It is believed that a Persian style garden surrounded the lake and the palace.

DSC01222 The arched entry way was built later in the Parthian era, it is a design found mainly in Sassanian palaces. Some homes in Firuzabad have this style architecture as well. As you walk into the palace, you immediately see these very tall doorways which lead to a large 44 foot archway built in 224 AD, the throne room can be entered through this gate.

DSC01218

Within the palace there are many small doorways that are all built with the similar style arch.

DSC01215

One of the doorways connecting two of the large rooms, the doorways measure about 20 feet tall.

DSC01237

The throne room is a large majestic room with the height of a three story building. What is amazing about this room is that there are still remnants of plaster left on the walls which depict patterns from the Achaemenid dynasty.

DSC01213

There are a couple of tall rooms within the palace that have dome style ceilings with open holes at the top. This is believed to have been the throne room. I believe that if the palace was actually a fire temple, these ceilings were made to function as chimneys.

DSC01204

The palace used to have multiple stories as is obvious from the stairway built off of the entrance of the building but they have been destroyed. All that remains of the upper floors is the beginning of a stairwell and remnants of the walls.

DSC01232

A panoramic view of the outside of the temple. As can be seen, the side walls of many of the rooms are completely gone and so are most of the ceilings. Much of the structure still remains after eighteen centuries, which is really amazing given its age and the battles it has withheld.

DSC01201

The image above is very amazing (best for last!). Driving from Shiraz to Firuzabad, you drive through and by a lot of tall mountains. On some of these mountains are carvings from the Achaemenid and Sassasin periods. I took this picture out of the window of a moving car using a zoom lens so it is a bit blurry but it is carved high up on the mountain and is about 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide. It is a carving from the Sassanian dynasty and portrays the coronation of Ardeshir I, the founder of the Sassanian dynasty.

Nasir al-Mulk

Nasir al-Mulk is a famous historic mosque in the center of Shiraz, located near the Shah Cheragh shrine. It was constructed in the Qajar Dynasty in 1876 by lord Mirza Hasan Ali Nasir al Mulk. The mosque is known for its extensive use in colored glass in its façade. The construction of the mosque uses other traditional structural elements as well such as “panj kasehi” (five concaves).

These days, the mosque is more of a tourist attraction than a place for prayer. Like all mosques in Iran, you must remove your shoes before entering and the floor is lined with Persian rugs from wall to wall. We found out that underneath the rugs is actually a beautiful marble floor as well.

DSC00662 DSC00659 DSC00657 DSC00652   DSC00647DSC00649 DSC00642 DSC00639 DSC00651